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CLAT Mini Mock Series by iQuanta: 21th June 2024

iQuanta has launched a Mini Mock Series covering all the sections of the CLAT exam, these questions have been handpicked by our faculty based on the latest CLAT exam pattern.

Instructions:-
1. Attempt all the questions.
2. Once you have completed all the questions of a particular section click on the submit button for scores and explanations then move to the next sections.
3. For each correct answer, you receive 1 mark. For this mock, there is no negative marking.

English Language

Directions: Read the passage and answer the following question.

Every year, Time magazine names a ‘Person of the Year’, puts their photo on the cover and writes about them and their contribution — good or bad — to the planet. People like Mahatma Gandhi, Angela Merkel, President Obama and even non-people like the computer have been put on the cover.
This year, Time magazine named 15-year-old climate change activist Greta Thunberg as the person of the year. How cool is that? I am planning to walk around with a copy of the magazine with me wherever I go, so that whenever someone says ‘What do kids know?’ I can stick the magazine in their face!
Well, since the decade is almost over, the cover got me thinking of all the other amazing kids out there who are proof that we know a lot and can change the world. Here are five of them.
I am going to start with Greta Thunberg because I am a huge fan. Greta started skipping school every Friday to protest outside the Swedish parliament on climate emergency. She started a global environmental protest powered by young people, has given speeches at the United Nations, and has the coolest Twitter account.
Tween climate activist Ridhima Pandey was one of the petitioners, along with Greta Thunberg, in a complaint with the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child on government inaction on the climate crisis. She believes that if children all over the world protest for climate justice, then there can be a positive change.
Malala Yousafzai is the youngest Nobel Prize laureate. She was shot by the Taliban because they didn’t want girls going to school. Later, she became a spokesperson campaigning for girls’ right to education. I am not sure what the argument is for not sending girls to school, because they are super smart. Just look how many of them are on this list!
When he was 15, Jack Andraka invented a new, cheap way to detect pancreatic cancer. He won a bunch of International Science Fairs for his creation and said he came up with the idea by reading free science papers he found online.
So, who do you think might be the child change makers of 2020-2030? Well, why not you and me? We might not find a cure for a disease or be allowed to skip school to march outside parliament, but we can start doing something in our neighbourhood or school. Maybe it’s feeding stray dogs, speaking up when someone gets teased or bullied in your class, or telling your local burger joint to stop using plastic straws. You might not get on the cover of Time magazine for it, but you sure will make a difference to that puppy, kid or sea turtle.

CLAT MMS English 20th June 2024-Master

Current Affairs and General Knowledge

Directions: Read the passage and answer the following question.

Hollywood actor has expressed “shock” and “anger” over hearing the voice for GPT-4o, OpenAI’s latest AI model, which she has said sounds “eerily similar” to her own voice.

In a statement issued this week, she accused OpenAI, the artificial intelligence company behind ChatGPT, of using her voice despite her earlier declining licensing requests from company CEO Sam Altman.

Earlier, a famous news agency took legal action against OpenAI and Microsoft, alleging the unauthorised use of its copyrighted content to train AI models, including ChatGPT.

CLAT MMS GK 20th June 2024

Directions: Read the passage and answer the following question.

The Indian Penal Code came into being on 1st May, 1861 and it was considered to be the first establishment of codified law in colonial India, and the IPC dealt with both adult and juvenile offences. Section 82 of the IPC lays down – ‘Nothing is an offence which is done by a child under 7 years of age’. And Section 83 of the IPC enshrines – ‘Nothing is an offence which is done by a child who is above 7 years of age and under 12 who has not attained the sufficient maturity of understanding in order to judge the nature and consequence of his act on that particular occasion’. Further, there are Sections 315 and 316 under IPC which discuss the offences of foeticide and infanticide. If a person does an act which amounts to culpable homicide which results in the quick death of an unborn child, then the person will be charged with the act of culpable homicide.
There are numerous sections in IPC which discuss the matter of kidnapping and abduction. Section 361 states that if a male minor who hasn’t yet attained the age of 16 and a female minor who hasn’t attained the age of 18 are removed from their lawful guardians without their consent, then the act is termed as the offence of kidnap. Section 27 of the Criminal Procedure Code deals with the clause of ‘Jurisdiction in case of Juveniles’. It lays down – ‘Any offence which is not punishable with death or imprisonment for life, which is committed by a person below the age of 16 years, may be tried by a court which is specially empowered under the children act to decide on such matters. Or it can be dealt with by any other law for time being in force which is providing for treatment, training and rehabilitation of young offenders.’
Section 437 of the Criminal Procedure Code lays down that a child in conflict with law can apply for an anticipatory bail. Justice Narayana Pisharadi of Kerala High Court held that the child in the conflict of law has all the rights to apply for anticipatory bail and there is no bar on this by any provisions of Juvenile Justice Act. The anticipatory bail of a child in conflict with law is maintainable only in High Court or the Court of Sessions.
The measures to be taken for the benefits of juveniles can be brought into reality only if there exists a proper linkage between the state and various district governments. Additionally, there is also a requirement for the child rights activities and groups to take up the initiatives of the transformation of juvenile offenders and this would further boost the process and help in bringing the desired change on a larger perspective.
[Extracted with edits and revision from Juvenile Justice System in India, blog by ipleaders]

CLAT MMS Legal 20TH June 2024

Logical Reasoning

Directions: Read the passage and answer the following question.

In a recent turn of events that has stirred the political landscape of Jharkhand, Hemant Soren, the leader of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM), relinquished his position as Chief Minister moments before his apprehension by the Enforcement Directorate (ED) on charges of money laundering. The allegations against Soren involve illicit gains from tribal land transactions, facilitated by counterfeit documents. While the judiciary is set to scrutinize these accusations, the necessity and timing of Soren’s arrest raise significant questions about the procedural aspects and the discretionary powers exercised by the ED under the [x], which notably allows for broad arrest powers and sets high thresholds for bail.

This incident is not merely a procedural action but marks a critical juncture in the enforcement of law against high-ranking officials from opposition parties, thereby necessitating a reevaluation of the judiciary’s stance on such matters. The Supreme Court’s July 2022 affirmation of the ED’s extensive powers is under scrutiny, with pending petitions challenging this decision. The arrest of a sitting Chief Minister has escalated the situation, prompting urgent legal appeals and drawing attention to the broader implications for the country’s political fabric.

Simultaneously, the ED’s summoning of Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal further complicates the narrative, suggesting a pattern of targeting opposition leaders. Soren’s response to these developments frames the situation as an attack on the tribal communities he represents, invoking a narrative of resistance against systemic oppression.

The aftermath of Soren’s arrest has plunged the JMM into a leadership crisis, compounded by internal disputes and the selection of a new Chief Minister. This scenario is emblematic of the challenges faced by opposition parties, where allegations of corruption often intersect with political rivalries and the interests of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The pattern of investigations by central agencies, which seemingly align with the political objectives of the BJP, underscores a contentious dynamic where the line between legality and political allegiance becomes blurred.

This episode in Jharkhand’s political saga not only highlights the contentious role of enforcement agencies in political affairs but also reflects the intricate interplay between legal frameworks, political power, and the representation of marginalized communities in India’s democratic landscape.

CLAT MMS Logical Reasoning 20th june 2024

Quantitative Techniques

Directions (1-5) Study the following Pie-chart carefully to answer these questions.
Total Students = 6500 Percentage distribution of Students in different courses

CLAT MMS Quants 20th June 2024

Indrajeet Singh
Indrajeet Singh
The mastermind behind IQuanta, Indrajeet Singh is an expert in Quant and has devised some ingenious formulae and shortcuts to significantly cut down on the time taken to solve a problem