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Friday, March 31, 2023

GMAT Exam Syllabus & Scoring

The GMAT exam is a common entrance test for admission to business schools across the globe. It is a computer test in which every individual gets a different set of questions chosen by the computer according to their ability. GMAT syllabus consists of four sections. Let’s understand each section in detail. Before starting to study for the test, the candidate should know exactly what will be on the test.

GMAT Syllabus

Many MBA aspirants across the globe appear for the GMAT exam. It is the basis for getting them into their dream business school. This is a 3-hour, 7-minute test with a minimum score of 800 points and is split into four parts:

  • Quantitative Reasoning
  • Verbal Reasoning
  • Analytical Writing Assessment
  • Integrated Reasoning

GMAT Syllabus – Section-wise

Quantitative Reasoning

The quantitative reasoning section of the GMAT tests a candidate’s ability to solve maths problems and understand graphs. It has two parts with multiple-choice questions:

Data Sufficiency

To do well on this section, you need to know basic maths, elementary algebra, and common geometry ideas. Refer to the table below for the complete quant syllabus:

Arithmetic Algebra Geometry
Number Properties Functions Lines & Angles
Multiples & Factors Exponents Triangle
Decimals Statistics Quadrilaterals
Fractions Arithmetic & Geometric Progression Circles
Average Algebraic Expressions & Equations Coordinate Geometry
Percentage Permutation & Combination  
Speed, Time, Distance    
Simple & Compound Interest    
Ratio & Proportion    

Verbal Reasoning

The verbal reasoning section of the GMAT tests how well a candidate can read, understand, reason, and evaluate logically the arguments in passages. It consists of three parts, each with numerous multiple-choice questions:

Critical Reasoning
Sentence Correction
Reading Comprehension
Critical Reasoning

It is the test to analyze an individual’s ability to reason logically through an argument and answer objectively, while avoiding personal opinion when attempting to answer the question.

Reading Comprehension

This test is designed to evaluate the aspirant’s ability to read and comprehend the concepts quickly. The given passages are generally between 200–350 words, and have multiple questions to answer. The candidates are evaluated on the following reading skills:

Interpretation of the information in the given passages
Understanding the main idea
forming a logical structure
Following the development of quantitative concepts
Sentence Correction

This part is a single-sentence correction question, where the words with errors are underlined. It measures an individual’s language proficiency by testing:

Their efficiency in grammatically and structurally correcting the sentence was outstanding.
Their understanding of effective and concise expression of an idea.
The areas covered in GMAT Verbal Reasoning are:
Reading unfamiliar passages
Critical reasoning
Rhetorical sentence construction
Finding omissions or errors in sentences
Subject vs verb agreement
Countable and uncountable
Also Read: GMAT Exam Preparation Tips: Your Key to Success

Analytical Writing Assessment

The GMAT analytical writing assessment section is a test of your writing style. You are asked only one question in this section. In only 30 minutes, you have to understand, analyze, think quickly and critically, and write the essay using facts and examples that make sense.

Integrated Reasoning

In the integrated reasoning section of the GMAT, you are tested on your ability to understand and evaluate information from different sources, and in different formats, such as pictures, words, and numbers. This test checks how well you can evaluate facts and numbers that are shown in graphs and tables.

Since the GMAT is an adaptive test, it changes based on how well each person does on it. You can check your score immediately after giving the test. If you are not satisfied with your score, you get a chance to re-attempt it only after 16 calendar days. The scores are valid for five years from the date of the examination.

This exam can be taken five times per year, and a lifetime limit of eight GMAT attempts. 

You will also get an email from GMAC 20 days after taking the GMAT with instructions on how to access your online scores when your official scores are ready. The candidates have to submit their scorecards to the business school as admission criteria.

GMAT Exam Scoring

The GMAT exam score is calculated on a fixed scale that is visible on the scorecard. Check out the table below to understand the GMAT scoring system:

Section Score Range Score Calculation Basis
Quantitative & Verbal Reasoning 6-51 Both of these sections are item-adaptive. High scores are granted on the basis of:
No. of questions answered
No. of correct answers
Level of difficulty of answers
Integrated Reasoning 1-8 This section is scored on the basis of the number of questions answered correctly.
Analytical Writing Assessment 0.0-6.0 This section is marked by a machine algorithm and a professional essay reader.

Average test takers score between 400 and 600, while the minimum score for the GMAT is 200 and the maximum is 800. A 700-plus score is easy to get with the right guidance, apt study material, and study support.

For comprehensive guidance and to enroll for iQuanta’s newly launched GMAT Course, visit the link below.

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